With Chinese law on the books that allow people to be arrested for wearing clothes deemed “not suitable for public use”, the fashion industry has been shaken by the recent arrests.
As China moves to introduce new rules on the sale of clothes, the question of whether the laws are working has become a hot topic in the media.
Here’s what you need to know about the current legal landscape.
What are clothes considered not suitable for use in public?
What are the guidelines and punishments for wearing clothing deemed not suitable?
Here are some key points to keep in mind:1.
Chinese law defines clothing that is considered not fitting for use as a garment.
Clothing deemed not fitting can be confiscated and sold, as well as those that are deemed “out of fashion”.2.
A fine of 100,000 yuan (HK$150,000) can be issued for a clothing “out-of-fashion” item that is deemed to be unsuitable for use.3.
The fine of 1,000,000 to 1,500,000 (HK $3,000-4,000), plus court costs, can be levied on clothing that can be worn in public without a licence.4.
Clothing that is judged to be “outraging public morals”, or “inappropriate”, can be deemed “unfit for public usage” and be confiscated.5.
People can be jailed for up to six months if they do not comply with a court order to wear clothing deemed “fit for use”.6.
People who do not wear clothing in public can be fined a maximum of 2,000 pieces of clothing for each violation.7.
Clothing can be seized for any number of violations, and can be sold.
The fines range from 1,250 to 1.6 million yuan (US$16,000-$34,000).8.
If a person refuses to pay the fine, they can be forced to wear a piece of clothing deemed unsuitable, which could be up to 60 days’ detention.9.
People are only required to wear clothes that have been issued with a “no public use” label, which means they are only to be worn during “private” times, such as weddings and funerals.10.
Clothing with a label that indicates that it is not fit for use cannot be sold without a valid licence, and must be kept for three years.11.
Clothing in the same colour can only be worn by men and women.
People must wear the same clothes for men and their clothing cannot be changed.12.
Clothing cannot be given to children.
Clothing must be worn for a minimum of 10 years.13.
Clothing may not be worn while pregnant or breastfeeding.14.
Clothing and footwear cannot be altered in any way.15.
Clothing for children may only be purchased with a valid health certificate, which can be obtained from a health clinic.16.
Clothing is considered “unfitting for public consumption” if it is deemed not to be suitable for a specific purpose, such, for children aged 6 to 12, for men over 40, for pregnant women, for people with disabilities, and people with mental health problems.17.
Clothing does not have to be professionally washed, nor must it be washed within 24 hours after it is worn.18.
Clothing has to be made in China.19.
Clothing purchased from a licensed seller must be clearly marked “non-profit” and not be marketed as such.20.
Clothing not produced in China must not be sold or resold without the permission of the manufacturer.21.
Clothing made in a foreign country cannot be exported without a visa.22.
Clothing sold in China may only have a single colour.
Clothing marketed as “off-white” must be white, with no other colours.23.
Clothing manufactured outside China may not have a label for their product, but must be labelled as “not for public” and “un-approved” for that product.24.
Clothing labelled as being “non fashion” is not allowed to be purchased from retailers.25.
Clothing from China may be exported, but only after a two-year permit has been issued.26.
Clothing imported from China must be labeled “approved” and labeled “not ready to wear” for the purpose of importation.27.
Clothing sent from China to another country must have the original label on the package.28.
Clothing shipped from China with a Chinese manufacturer must be marked “approved”.29.
Clothing intended for export from China is not to have a manufacturer’s mark on it.30.
Clothing of any colour that is not labelled as suitable for sale in China is to be returned to China.31.
Clothing exported from China will not be marked with a manufacturer.32.
Clothing destined for use outside China cannot be used for public purposes unless it has a “non public use label” on it or it has been declared “outfitted for public public use”.33.
Clothing used by a government agency or other public body must be “non